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Light history influences the response of the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. WH7803 to oxidative stress.

Abstract : Marine Synechococcus undergo a wide range of environmental stressors, especially high and variable irradiance, which may induce oxidative stress through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). While light and ROS could act synergistically on the impairment of photosynthesis, inducing photodamage and inhibiting photosystem II repair, acclimation to high irradiance is also thought to confer resistance to other stressors. To identify the respective roles of light and ROS in the photoinhibition process and detect a possible light-driven tolerance to oxidative stress, we compared the photophysiological and transcriptomic responses of Synechococcus sp. WH7803 acclimated to low light (LL) or high light (HL) to oxidative stress, induced by hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) or methylviologen. While photosynthetic activity was much more affected in HL than in LL cells, only HL cells were able to recover growth and photosynthesis after the addition of 25 μM H₂O₂. Depending upon light conditions and H₂O₂ concentration, the latter oxidizing agent induced photosystem II inactivation through both direct damage to the reaction centers and inhibition of its repair cycle. Although the global transcriptome response appeared similar in LL and HL cells, some processes were specifically induced in HL cells that seemingly helped them withstand oxidative stress, including enhancement of photoprotection and ROS detoxification, repair of ROS-driven damage, and regulation of redox state. Detection of putative LexA binding sites allowed the identification of the putative LexA regulon, which was down-regulated in HL compared with LL cells but up-regulated by oxidative stress under both growth irradiances.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 23, 2013 - 3:36:03 PM
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Nicolas Blot, Daniella Mella-Flores, Christophe Six, Gildas Le Corguillé, Christophe Boutte, et al.. Light history influences the response of the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. WH7803 to oxidative stress.. Plant Physiology, Oxford University Press ; American Society of Plant Biologists, 2011, 156 (4), pp.1934-54. ⟨10.1104/pp.111.174714⟩. ⟨hal-00825364⟩



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