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An augmented lagrangian approach for Euler-Korteweg type equations

Abstract : An approximate first order quasilinear hyperbolic model for Euler-Korteweg (E-K) equations, describing compressible fluid flows whose energy depend on the gradient of density, is derived. E-K system can be seen as the Euler-Lagrange equations to a Lagrangian submitted to the mass conservation constraint. Due to the presence of the density gradient in the Lagrangian, one recovers high-order derivatives of density in the motion equations. The approach presented here permits us to obtain a system of hyperbolic equations that approximate E-K system. The idea is to introduce a new order parameter which approximates the density via a carefully chosen penalty method. The gradient of this new independent variable will then replace the original gradient of density in the Lagrangian, resulting in the so-called augmented Lagrangian. The Euler-Lagrange equations of the augmented Lagrangian result in a first order hyperbolic system with stiff source terms and fast characteristic speeds. Such a system is then analyzed and solved numerically by using IMEX schemes. In particular, this approach was applied to the defocusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation (which can be reduced to the E-K equations via the Madelung transform), for which a comparison with exact and asymptotic solutions, namely gray solitons and dispersive shock waves was performed. Then, the same approach was extended to thin film flows with capillarity, for which comparison of the numerical results with both reference numerical solutions and experimental results was performed. It was shown that the augmented model is also extendable to models with full nonlinear surface tension. In the same setting, a study of stationary droplets on a horizontal solid substrate was conducted in an attempt to classify droplet profiles depending on their energy forms. This also allowed to compare the augmented Lagrangian approach in the case of stationary solutions, and which showed excellent agreement with the reference solutions. Lastly, an independent part of this work is devoted to the study of modified equations associated to numerical schemes for stability purposes. It is shown that for a linear scheme, stability conditions which are obtained from a truncation of the associated modified equation, are only relevant if the corresponding series in Fourier space is convergent for the admissible wavenumbers.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 7, 2021 - 9:21:16 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03191323, version 1

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Firas Dhaouadi. An augmented lagrangian approach for Euler-Korteweg type equations. Analysis of PDEs [math.AP]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020TOU30139⟩. ⟨tel-03191323⟩

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